Fat metabolism involves many chemical processes, the main task of which is fat storage and disposal. Activeness of fat metabolism processes varies depending on the body condition and the needs for additional energy.Fat metabolism may contribute to both the accumulation of body fat (hence an increase in excess weight), and vice versa – the active weight loss.
Anabolism – Piggy Bank For Fat
- If your body has a surplus of food calories, fat metabolism contributes to their storage processes.
- When your body needs energy, it begins to dominate the fat breakdown process.
A healthy diet without excess calories helps maintain a balanced fat metabolism.
Anabolism is part of the fat metabolism process, which is responsible for their storage. The liver is the first stop, in which the uptake of dietary fat takes place.
Fats are processed, packaged in “protein envelopes” and released into blood. Edible fats, besides cholesterol, are processed into triglycerides.
Each triglyceride molecule has a chemical basis – a combination of glycerol with three fatty acids.
- Fat cells take up triglycerides and store them as long as your body does not need energy.
If you consume more sugar than your body needs, your liver removes excess sugar in the production of fatty acids.
Through this mechanism, the excess dietary sugar is converted into triglycerides, packed and placed in fat cells for storage.
Another part of the fat metabolism process is catabolism.
When the human body needs energy, sugar is the fuel, which is used in the first place.If your body doesn’t have enough sugar to satisfy energy needs, fat cells are destroyed and release triglyceride stored therein, as well as the fatty acid.
Microscopic power plants called mitochondria metabolize fatty acids for energy.
- When our body burns fat, byproducts of this process appear. They are chemicals called ketones.
Ketone can serve as fuel for the brain, where the amount of sugar in your body is low.
High levels of ketones, associated with diabetic crisis, or diabetic ketoacidosis, can be potentially life-threatening.